Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended, provides financial assistance through State Educational Agencies (SEAs) to Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) and public schools with high numbers or high percentages of children from low-income families to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic content and student academic achievement standards.
LEAs are required to target the Title I funds they receive to public schools with the highest percentages of children from low-income families. Individual public schools with poverty rates above 40 percent may use Title I funds, along with other federal, state, and local funds, to operate a "schoolwide program" to upgrade the instructional program for the whole school.
Schools with poverty rates below 40 percent, or those choosing not to operate a schoolwide program, may offer a "targeted assistance program" in which the school identifies students who are failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet the state's challenging performance standards, then designs, in consultation with parents, staff, and district staff, an instructional program to meet the needs of those students.
Both schoolwide and targeted assistance programs must be based on effective means of improving student achievement and include strategies to support parental involvement.
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