Here are a few activities you can use in your classroom to help students become proficient at making predictions before reading:
Create a sign that says “Stop” on one side and “Go” on the other. Then pick a book to read with whole class. Look at the cover and title and make predictions before reading about what the book might be about. Then take turns reading from the text. When it is appropriate, hold up the stop sign and pause to make a prediction. Students can write down their predictions in a graphic organizer or on sticky notes and add them to the page. Then hold up the go sign when everyone is ready to continue. Make sure that when a prediction comes true or does not come true, you stop and discuss with the whole class.
Give photographs to small groups. You may want to clip photos from newspapers or magazines or print them from the Internet. Have groups think about what might have happened after the photo was taken. Be sure they back up their predictions with evidence from the picture, prior knowledge, or examples of their own experiences. Students may wish to write their predictions down on the back of the photos or on sticky notes.
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